An air conditioner consists of a unique system of parts that perform complex functions to provide cooling effects. They are built up of four main parts: an evaporator, a compressor, a condenser and an expansion device.

If any of these parts perform poorly or malfunction, it directly affects the performance of the A/C. Various performance issues do affect the lifespan of an A/C, and proper maintenance and servicing are needed to keep it a well-oiled machine. You would want to make sure you avoid any premature damage or hefty repair charges. Let’s learn more about each component in your A/C.

Air conditioners cool down the indoor air by removing heat from the cold evaporator coil. It also manages to dehumidify moisture, which results in water condensation that drips into a condensate pan for draining. If the drain is blocked or clogged with mold, or debris, the water will collect inside and spill out through the cool air vent. Inspect and clean your drainage system at least once a month.

A clean air filter is one the most important elements in ensuring your A/C works properly. A dirty or clogged filter can raise your energy bills up to 15 percent as it will increase the load on the A/C to release more cool air. A clogged air filter can even cause significant damage to the A/C. Air filters need changing out as often as every two months.

When buying an A/C, you must factor in how much load it will have to manage which means the capacity of the rooms it will be cooling. Your home’s cooling load should meet the A/C’s efficiency rating. You can also lighten the cooling load by applying air sealing and insulation.

An air conditioner’s primary job is to cool the air and not to dehumidify excessive moisture. If there’s excessive moisture in your home, it can burden the A/C by raising the cooling demand. You can consider a dehumidifier to assist the A/C in cooling down your home without increasing your energy bills.

Your air ducts are an important element that needs an inspection for leaks, damage, and disconnection. A duct malfunction can increase your cooling costs by as much as 20 percent.

Rusk Heating & Cooling’s goal is to help educate you about the risks you can put your air conditioner at by neglecting maintenance. Repairing an air conditioner is a costly job, as well, as replacing it.